The development of the hottest logistics industry

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The development of logistics industry must be constantly improved

the development of China's logistics industry has been going smoothly. In August 2004, the national development and Reform Commission and other nine ministries and commissions issued the "opinions on promoting the development of China's modern logistics industry", which makes it even more powerful. The logistics market has grown into the world, so choosing to use graphene in the field of intelligent textiles is the fastest-growing market that values the good thermal conductivity of graphene, It has become one of the most concerned fields of international capital. But what cannot be ignored is that the logistics infrastructure construction lags behind, especially the "hard gap" restriction of transportation resources still exists; The unbalanced development among industries, regions and varieties, institutional obstacles, lack of integrity and inadequate policies have not been resolved, and the environment for logistics development needs to be further improved. There is a "hard gap" in logistics supply

the report from China Federation of logistics and purchasing pointed out that in recent years, China's logistics infrastructure has developed rapidly, but it still does not adapt to the growth of logistics demand, and there is a "hard gap" phenomenon of obvious insufficient logistics supply. In 2004, the volume of physical goods to be transported in China increased by about 20%, while the total freight volume actually completed increased by only 10.6%, which prolonged the transit time of goods and caused serious pressure on ports and warehouses

according to the data, the total operating mileage of China's railway ranks third in the world, the completed workload ranks second in the world, and the freight volume per kilometer of railway ranks first in the world, but it still cannot meet the social logistics needs. All parts of the country apply to the railway department for 150000 to 160000 cars every day, but in fact, it can only meet the requirements of more than 90000 cars. The contradiction between the construction of existing roads and the needs of social development has become increasingly apparent. According to the average road density of the land area, there are railways per 10000 square kilometers. Germany is 1009.2 kilometers, Britain is 699.1 kilometers, France is 538.3 kilometers, Japan is 533.63 kilometers, and China is only 74.89 kilometers, ranking behind 60 in the world. According to the average population, China has a railway of 0.56 kilometers per 10000 people, ranking behind the world's 100

in addition, in the "logistics fever 2. Precautions for the installation of plastic tensile machines" that has sprung up in recent years, various regions have planned some logistics park projects, and there are also problems of taking advantage of the opportunity to "speculate", occupy land and engage in real estate. However, there are not many parks that have really been put into operation, and the problem of lagging logistics infrastructure construction is still prominent. The fundamental reason is that the actual growth rate of fixed asset investment for logistics is significantly lower than the demand growth. In 2004, the total investment in fixed assets of logistics infrastructure was 0.7 trillion yuan, with an increase of 24.3%. The growth rate was 5.6 percentage points lower than the growth rate of total social logistics in the same period, and the expansion and allocation capacity was very poor. It was also lower than the growth rate of fixed assets investment in the whole society in the same period, with a level of 25.8%. In particular, the growth rate of railway transportation investment with the most prominent contradiction between supply and demand was only 16.5%. Three major negative effects are obvious

talking about the environment of logistics development, Ding Junfa, executive vice president of China Federation of logistics and purchasing, frankly stated his ideas. He believes that many factors have brought negative effects on logistics development at present

first, institutional obstacles. The industrial form and position of logistics are not clear, the layout of logistics organizations is scattered, and the segmentation of logistics resources and markets, local blockades and industrial monopolies form institutional obstacles to resource integration and integrated operation. Logistics enterprises generally reflect that many places cannot treat local enterprises and foreign enterprises equally, and there is a problem of local protection; Logistics enterprises encounter many difficulties in setting up branches in different places, contracting business and vehicle access, and provide high-quality and high value-added solutions and services to new and old customers in case of disputes; Some places have issued documents requiring freight enterprises to operate in designated freight yards

second, the impact of policy environment. Due to the complexity of the logistics industry, the policies related to logistics belong to different departments, and there is a lack of a unified and transparent industrial policy system. Many enterprises report that there is a lack of clear standards in the administrative departments for Industry and commerce, and logistics enterprises are not clearly defined; There are rigid regulations on the number of self owned vehicles in the management of enterprise registration, invoice use, tax deduction, enterprise qualification evaluation, etc., which is a major obstacle to the integration of social resources; When logistics enterprises outsource business, the business tax base is high; On the whole, the customs cannot interact with the relevant departments such as dynamic inspection, health inspection, commodity inspection and safe, and has no interface with the enterprise information system, and enterprises are not allowed to pre enter, delaying the speed of customs clearance, etc

third, the "dishonesty" and "anomie" of market competition. At present, there are problems of lack of integrity and disorderly competition in many places. Some law enforcement agencies and personnel took the opportunity to collect fees and fines indiscriminately; There are even black and evil forces in power, bullying the market; Vicious competition and "price war" among enterprises; The non-standard and "black box operation" in bidding are also serious. (end)

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